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tips for preparing, cooking and storing various dairy products
such as whipped cream, butter, milk and ice cream.
How-To's & Tips Index
- For best results and greater volume when
making whipped cream, chill both the mixing bowl and the beaters.
The colder the cream the better, too!
- Refrigerate milk at 40°F
(-4°C) or less as soon as possible after purchase and store
in the original container.
- Return milk to the refrigerator
immediately after pouring out the amount needed. Never return
unused milk to the original container.
- Keep milk containers closed
to prevent the absorption of other flavors. An absorbed flavor
changes the taste, but the milk is still safe.
- Protect milk from exposure to
strong light since light can reduce its riboflavin content and
- Look for the "sell by"
or "pull" dates on milk cartons. If properly cared
for, milk generally stays fresh for 2 to 3 days after this date.
Some dairy processors guarantee their products for a specific
time after this date. Ask your grocer for more details.
- Keep canned milks like evaporated
and sweetened condensed milks in a cool dry place and invert
the cans every 2 months. These milks generally keep for about
a year at room temperature. Once opened, canned milks should
be poured into an opaque covered container, refrigerated and
used within a few days.
- Store dry/powdered milk in a
cool, dry place and keep in an airtight container after opening.
Once reconstituted, dry milk should be refrigerated and handled
like other fluid milks.
- Freezing of milk is not recommended.
It causes undesirable changes in milk's texture and appearance.
- Microwaving milk is not recommended
to extend milk's shelf life or as a means of pasteurization.
- Store butter in the refrigerator
for up to six months.
- Store butter in the freezer
for up to one year.
- Butter should be stored away
from highly aromatic food products and vegetables and should
be kept sealed, in a dry poly-lined carton.
- Yogurt, buttermilk and acidophilus
milk should be stored in closed containers in the refrigerator
at 40°F (-4°C) to maintain their quality. Yogurt will
keep for about a week and buttermilk and acidophilus milk will
keep for about 2 weeks in the refrigerator. Freezing is not recommended
for any of these cultured dairy foods.
- Store ice cream, sherbet and
frozen yogurt tightly covered in the freezer at 0°F (-18°C).
To avoid crystallization and volume loss, scoop ice cream, keeping
the surface as level as possible. Cover the surface of ice cream
with plastic wrap before reclosing and return to the freezer
- For ease in serving, soften
ice cream by transferring it to the refrigerator 10 to 20 minutes
before serving, or by microwaving it on HIGH (100%) in the carton
for the following amounts of time:
1 pint = 10 to 15 seconds
1 quart = 15 to 25 seconds
1/2 gallon = 30 to 40 seconds
(Note: Since microwave ovens vary, cooking times may differ.)