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Mr Espresso
Healthier Recipes Collection

Food Substitutions Chart

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Always use ingredients,
a recipe does call for,
but if you must substitute,
these will do the chore!

It's happened to the best of us, in the middle of preparing a recipe one learns the brown sugar canister is empty, or there's simply not enough. If you find yourself in a pinch, this helpful chart may help to save a recipe by suggesting a substitute for the missing ingredient.

1 cup all-purpose flour

=
1 cup plus 2 tablespoon cake flour
1 cup cake flour

=
1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
1 cup self-rising flour

=
1 cup all-purpose flour, 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder, and 1/2 teaspoon salt.
1 teaspoon baking powder

=
1 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar.
1 tablespoon cornstarch

=
2 tablespoons all-purpose flour.
1 tablespoon tapioca

=
1 1/2 tablespoons all-purpose flour.
1 package active dry yeast

=
2 1/4 teaspoons dry or 1 package compressed yeast.
1 cup dry bread crumbs

=
3/4 cup cracker crumbs.
1 cup packed brown sugar

=
1 cup granulated sugar or 2 cups powdered sugar, plus 1 tablespoon molasses.
1 cup honey

=
1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid or 1 cup corn syrup or molasses.
1 cup milk

=
1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water
1 cup buttermilk or sour milk

=
1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice plus sweet milk to equal 1 cup.
1 cup heavy cream

=
3/4 cup skim milk plus 1/3 cup butter.
1 cup sour cream

=
7/8 cup sour milk plus 3 tablespoons butter.
1 cup yogurt

=
1 cup buttermilk or sour milk.
1 cup whipping cream, whipped

=
2 cups whipped dessert topping.
2 large eggs

=
3 small eggs.
1 egg

=
2 egg yolks (for custards).
1 egg

=
2 egg yolks plus 1 tablespoon water (for cookies).
1 ounce unsweetened chocolate

=
3 tablespoons baking cocoa plus 1 tablespoon shortening, butter or margarine.
1 ounce semisweet chocolate

=
1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar.
1 cup catsup; ketchup

=
1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup sugar and 2 tablespoons vinegar.
1 tablespoon prepared mustard

=
1 teaspoon dry mustard.
1 teaspoon lemon juice

=
1 teaspoon vinegar.
1 cup wine

=
1 cup apple juice, apple cider, chicken or beef broth.
1 clove of garlic

=
1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or 1/8 teaspoon instant minced garlic or 3/4 teaspoon garlic salt or 5 drops liquid garlic.
1 medium onion

=
1 tablespoon dried minced onion or 1 teaspoon onion powder.
1 tablespoon fresh herbs

=
1 teaspoon dried herbs or 1/4 teaspoon powdered herbs.
1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley

=
1 tablespoon dried parsley flakes.
1 cup canned tomatoes

=
About 1 1/3 cups chopped tomato, simmered for 10 minutes.
1 cup tomato juice

=
1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water.
1 pound fresh mushrooms

=
6 ounces canned mushrooms.

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