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Cooking definitions and terms beginning with

"H"


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Haddock - of the cod family, this fish is white-fleshed and is good to use in any recipe calling for cod. Smoked, it is known as Finnan Haddid. Poached, and served with drawn butter, it has a faint hint of the flavor of lobster.

Haggamuggie / Haggis - the minced innards of an animal cooked with oatmeal and suet. Traditionally, a meat pudding or sausage was made then boiled in the cleaned stomach bag of the sheep.

Hake - of the cod family, this fish is easy to fillet and has soft white flesh.

Half-and-Half, Half & Half - is a mixture of equal parts milk and cream, and is 10 to 12 percent milk fat. It cannot be whipped.

Halva - a sweet dish or candy made from ground sesame seeds, fruit or vegetables. Near Eastern in origin.

Hang - to tenderize game or meat by hanging in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place.

Hard Sauce - a sweet liquor-flavored sauce traditionally served on hot puddings and cold cake. Often offered at Christmas with plum pudding.

Hardtack - a sailors name for sea biscuits.

Hare - a wild rabbit with a strong gamey flavor. This is not a wild version of the rabbits raised domestically for food in Europe and some parts of the United States, but another type. It may not be used in place of rabbit in a recipe.

Hash - a recipe using leftovers, this dish is made by dicing pre-cooked meats and/or vegetables, and cooking with seasonings, minced onions, herbs, or sauce in a frying pan until crisp.

Haslet - country dish of pork sweetbreads, heart and liver. It is cooked in a casserole, fried, stewed or ground with onions and prepared as a sausage.

Headcheese - a molded jelly or sausage made from pig’s or calf’s head stewed with herbs and seasonings; it includes meat.

Heart - the heart of sheep, calf , ox and pig is used as a variety meat in many popular dishes.

Hearthcakes - the English name for a French round cake. Each region in France creates its own version. The first hearthcakes were baked on the hearth in hot ashes.

Hen - a female bird. Commercially raised hen-chickens are tender. Hen is also a term applied to the female of various aquatic creatures, lobster for one.

Herbs - any of a large group of annual and perennial plants whose leaves, stems or flowers are used as a flavoring; usually available fresh and dried.

Het Pint - a Scottish drink used for special occasions. It is a heated mixture of ale, eggs, whiskey and nutmeg.

High Altitude Cooking & Baking - Simply put, the weight of air on any surface it comes in contact with is called air (or atmospheric) pressure. There's less (or lower) air pressure at high altitudes because the blanket of air above is thinner than it would be at sea level. As a result, at sea level water boils at 212°F; at an altitude of 7,500 feet, however, it boils at about 198°F because there's not as much air pressure to inhibit the boiling action. This also means that because at high altitudes boiling water is 14 degrees cooler than at sea level, foods will take longer to cook because they're heating at a lower temperature. Lower air pressure also causes boiling water to evaporate more quickly in a high altitude. This decreased air pressure means that adjustments in some ingredients and cooking time and temperature will have to be made for high-altitude baking, as well as some cooking techniques such as candy making, deep-fat frying and canning. In general, no recipe adjustment is necessary for yeast-risen baked goods, although allowing the dough or batter to rise twice before the final pan rising develops a better flavor. Source: © Copyright Barron's Educational Services, Inc. 1995 based on THE FOOD LOVER'S COMPANION, 2nd edition, by Sharon Tyler Herbst.

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