Cooking definitions and terms beginning with
Scallop - a bivalve mollusk of which only the muscle hinge is eaten; to bake food in a sauce topped with crumbs.
Scampi - name for shrimp. Also, a dish of shrimp cooked in a rich garlic-butter sauce. Italian.
Schnitzel - a thin slice of veal; a cutlet. May be breaded and sautéed, as in wiener schnitzel.
Scone - a quick bread used as a tea biscuit served hot with butter and jam. British Isles.
Score - to cut shallow slits at regular intervals on the surface of a food, as in scoring fat on ham before glazing, for either decoration or to tenderize, or to prevent edges from curling.
Scotch Woodcock - scrambled eggs on top of toast, spread with anchovy paste, and garnished with smoked anchovies.
Sear - to brown the surface of a meat quickly by cooking in a little fat at a very high heat in order to seal in the meats juices and create a rich color before finishing by another method.
Season - 1. Traditionally, to enhance a food's flavor by adding salt. 2. More commonly, to enhance a food's flavor by adding salt and/or pepper as well as herbs and other spices.
Seasoned Salt - a seasoning blend; its primary ingredient is salt with flavorings such as celery, garlic or onion added.
Self-Rising Flour - flour that is premixed with salt and leavening.
Semolina - a by-product of milled flour, these large wheat grains are used to make couscous, pasta, puddings or as a thickening agent.
Set - term used to describe the consistency of gelatin when it has jelled enough to unmold.
Seviche - white sea fish pickled in lime juice. South American.
Shad - a seafish that spawns in fresh water. Most popular for its delicate roe, it can be used as is fresh herring or mackerel.
Shallots - an herb with a garlic-onion flavor, small and milder than an onion, but resembling garlic cloves.
Sheepshead - a fish found along the Atlantic coast; it has white flesh that is well flavored and lean.
Sheeting - stage at which sugary jams, candies and other preserves will jell; 220 to 222 degrees on a candy or jelly thermometer. Syrup falling from a spoon dipped into the boiling kettle will sheet at this stage, rather than run off the spoon in a stream or fall off in rapidly forming individual drops. This is the signal to remove the kettle from the heat.
Shellfish - any of many species of aquatic invertebrates with shells or carapaces found in saltwater and freshwater regions worldwide, most are edible; shellfish are categorized as crustaceans and mollusks.
Shepherd’s Pie - a meat pie with a mashed potato crust.
Sherbet - a frozen sweet made with fruit juice that originated in the Middle East almost before recorded history.
Shirr - applies to eggs baked in buttered ramekins and usually topped with cream. Some versions also call for bread crumbs.
Shish Kebab - a Mediterranean dish of marinated meats (usually lamb or beef) and vegetables threaded on a skewer and grilled or broiled; also known as shashlik.
Short - the description of any pastry with a high content of fat. Fat makes pastry tender and flaky. Shortbread is a good example.
Shortening - a white, flavorless, solid fat formulated for baking or deep frying; any fat used in baking to tenderize the product by shortening gluten strands.
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